Knee Pain is a common problem with many causes, from excruciating injuries to medical conditions. Knee pain can be diffused throughout the knee.
It is often accompanied by physical restriction.The prognosis of knee pain is usually good, it may require surgery.
Knee pain can originate in any of the bony structures compromising the knee joint, the knee cap or the ligaments and cartilage of the knee. It can affect people of all ages and some remedies can be helpful unless it becomes serious.
Tendonitis – This is an overuse injury, which causes swelling of the tendons, which are the bands of tissue that connect your bones and muscles. This is also known as jumper's knee, as it is common in sports like jumping.
Bone Chips – A knee injury may break off fragments from the bone or cartilage. These pieces can get stuck in the joint, which causes it to freeze up. It may lead to pain and swelling.
Housemaid's Knee or Bursitis – It is caused by kneeling for long periods of time or repetitive knee movements. Fluid builds up in the bursa, the sac of fluid that cushions the knee joints. Swelling behind the knee is called a Baker's cyst and may cause by injuries or arthritis.
Bleeding in the Knee Joint – This injury is also called haemarthrosis and affects blood vessels around the knee ligaments which cause the knee to feel warm, stiff, bruised and swollen. It mostly requires hospital treatment in serious cases.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome – It is an overuse injury to the ilioti bial band of tissue which runs from the hip to the shin past the knee.
Medial Plica Syndrome – This injury affects the plica, a fold of tissue in the knee joint.
Osgood-Schlatter Disease – It is common in teenagers playing sports and causes swelling and tenderness over the bony bump just below the knee.
Partially Dislocated Knee cap – It is usually due to a physical condition with the legs rather than a sports injury. The knee cap slides out of position which leads to the pain and swelling.
Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of the injury. Sometimes some of the knee injuries just get better by themselves and some can be treated at home too.
Avoid putting weight on the injured knee as much as possible. Raise the leg with cushions and try to use an ice pack or bag of frozen veg wrapped in a towel held to the knee.
You may also need medical advice if:
No weight can be put on the injured knee
Severe pain, when, it is not possible to put weight on the knee
The knee locks or clicks painfully
The knee looks deformed
Fever, redness or a feeling of heat around the knee
The calf beneath the injured knee is painful, swollen, numb or tingling
Pain is existing even after three days of home care treatment
A doctor will do physical examination of the injured knee and may arrange some extra tests, including blood tests, an X-ray or an MRI scan.
Treatment may involve physiotherapy or painkillers. It may also involve an arthroscopy, which is a form of keyhole surgery that is used to look inside a joint and repair any damage that has occurred.
Natural ways of reducing Knee Pain
It can be done with knee padding or splinting.
Place a pad over the knee cap, where it is paining.
Try to rest the knee, it reduces the repetitive strain placed on the knee by activity and also gives time to heal the knee and helps to prevent further injury.
Icing the knee reduces swelling and can be used for both acute and chronic knee injuries. Most of them try icing the knee 2 to 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes each time.
Use an ice bag or a bag of frozen vegetables and place it on the knee.
Wishing you the good health!
Note – This information has been taken from different internet sources.