The elbow joint consists of the upper arm (= humerus), and the radius and the ulna. An acute injury is generally caused as a result of a fall or overstretching of the elbow. The main symptoms are acute pain, swelling and reduced mobility the elbow. Above all stretching is often not possible and painful. The pain is caused because the tissue around the elbow joint has been damaged. It is sometimes necessary to exclude the possibility of a fracture by X-ray examination.By offering sufficient rest, the complaints generally disappear.
Elbow injuries can vary from minor to serious. The pain can be caused from a variety of reasons but repetitive activities from exercise, work, household chores or leisure activities are all common ways to develop an elbow injury. Two common elbow conditions are lateral elbow tendonitis also referred to as tennis elbow, and medial elbow tendonitis also referred to as golfers elbow. Other common elbow injuries that would benefit from some sort of elbow support are injuries to the soft tissue like muscles, ligaments and tendons.
Many people bump their “funny bone” and experience shooting pain down their forearm that soon disappears. While others will experience chronic pain due to overuse that will have a large impact on their performance. Although your elbow joint is not holding the weight of your body, an injury to the elbow can be very painful for many activities. Common symptoms include pain, swelling, numbness, tingling, weakness and decreased range on motions.
An overuse injury is caused because the burden to which the elbow is exposed is greater than the level of load the elbow can cope with. As a consequence of the overburdening, tension and /or stretching the affected muscles can cause pain.
An overuse injury around the elbow often occurs following high-frequency repetition of the same (incorrect) movement. This occurs particularly in sports like tennis. The attachment of the muscles that tense the wrist become overburdened. These muscles are attached close to the elbow.
(N.B. a golfer’s arm is an overburdening of the attachment of the muscles that flex the wrist). The cause is often incorrect technique and/or wrong choice of material (wrong grip or racket tensioning). For the correct diagnosis, a visit to a sport physiotherapist and/or sport physician is recommended. An overuse injury is characterised by various stages of pain. The pain can occur following exertion, but it is also possible that you may suffer continuous pain. A PSB arm brace can reduce the pain.
Who needs an Elbow Brace?
There are two types of injuries; acute and chronic. An acute injury is one that is caused by a direct blow, fall or abnormal movement of the elbow that caused immediate pain and swelling. Chronic injuries are ones that are caused from repetitive over use and slowly breakdown the soft tissue supporting the elbow joint.
Injuries in children are most commonly caused from an accidental fall. Children participating in contact sports like wrestling, football, soccer, biking, skiing and hockey have an increased risk for elbow injuries. Injuries at the elbow joint in children can be a lot more serious due to the fact that if the growing end of the bone is affected it can change the shape of their bone for the rest of their lives. For this reason any injured child should be taken to a physician.